Health India

Status of Goitre or Thyroid Disorders in India

India has completed its transition from iodine deficiency to iodine replete status. It is believed that iodine supplementation can cause a spurt in autoimmune thyroid dysfunction and hypothyroidism, by making the thyroid gland more susceptible to damage by body’s own immune system. The prevalence of self-reported goitre or thyroid disorder in National Family Health Survey IV [NFHS IV (2015-2016)] was 2.2%, while it was 2.9% in NFHS-V (2019-2021).

The NFHS IV (2015-2016) has reported that amongst individuals between the age 15-49 years, the self-reported prevalence of goitre or thyroid disorder was nearly 2% in females and less than 1% in males. Also, the reported prevalence increased with age in women (15-19 years: 0.7%; 20-34 years: 1.8%; 35-49 years: 3.4%). As per NFHS V, the details of States/UTs wise cases reported are given below.


Goitre or Thyroid Disorders
STATE/UT Number of Women per 100000
Kerala 8696
Jammu and Kashmir 6809
Delhi NCT 5926
Telangana 5763
West Bengal 5298
Andhra Pradesh 4551
Tamil Nadu 4076
Himachal Pradesh 3776
Tripura 3643
Punjab 3407
Manipur 2989
Haryana 2701
Assam 2642
Goa 2548
Uttarakhand 2411
Sikkim 2220
Maharashtra 2126
Odisha 2081
Meghalaya 1988
Karnataka 1969
Bihar 1705
Jharkhand 1697
Rajasthan 1310
Uttar Pradesh 1281
Gujarat 1151
Madhya Pradesh 1087
Mizoram 908
Chhattisgarh 903
Arunachal Pradesh 732
Nagaland 505


As per the NFHS IV (2015-2016), amongst 6,99,686 women in their reproductive age groups (15-49 years), those in the highest quintile of wealth index had three to four-fold higher risk of having thyroid disorders. In addition, there was a graded increase in risk of having thyroid disorders from poorest to richest.

The Union Minister of State for Health and Family Welfare, Dr. Bharati Pravin Pawar stated this in a written reply in the RajyaSabha today.

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